Isambard Kingdom Brunel 2 pound coin was issued on 9 April 2006 on his honorable 200 birthday by the royal mint. The two special 2-pound coins marked one of Brunel’s greatest achievements at Paddington Station in London. The cost of his coins is between 2.69 to 2.9 euro. He was a mechanical and civil engineer who brought the industrial revolution to public transport and modern engineering through his designs. He was the mastermind behind canals, bridges, tunnels, dockyards, and railway line construction. He made the first steamship “Great Western” for crossing the Atlantic. actually, Isambard Kingdom Brunel 2 Pound Coin’s history was amazing.
Who was Isambard Kingdom Brunel?
Isambard Kingdom Brunel was a British civil and mechanical engineer by profession. In engineering history, he is considered one of the most talented and productive figures. He is also known as an engineering giant who figured Industrial Revolution in the nineteenth century. He built numerous tunnels and bridges to change the English landscape with his indigenous designs and constructions.
Isambard Kingdom Brunel Life Facts
His projects brought innovative solutions for long-term engineering problems even though they weren’t always successful. He achieved many engineering successes during his career and he was able to assist his father with the first tunnel building under Thames River Rotherhithe and Wapping. He designed the largest SS Great Britain ship which launched in 1843, it’s currently a museum ship, but formerly used as a passenger steamship. He astonished British people when he proposed the extension of the Great Western Railway westward to North America. His three great ship designs and builds brought naval engineering revolution whose names were “ the SS Great Western”(1838), “the SS Great Britain (1943), and “ the SS Great Eastern(1859)”.
In 2002, a BBC public poll was held to determine the “ 100 greatest Britons” where he got the second greatest Briton position of all time after Winston Churchill. In 2006, Isambard Kingdom Brunel 2 Pound Coin was issued by the royal mint to commemorate the bicentenary of his birth.
Isambard Kingdom Brunel Personal life
Isambard Kingdom Brunel was born on 9 April 1806 Portsmouth in England. His father’s name was Sir Marc Isambard Brunel, who was a French civil engineer by profession. His mother Sophia Kingdom was charged with being a British spy who remained in prison till the end of the French Revolution. His parents married in 1799. He had two elder sisters named Sophia and Emma Brunel. His maternal aunt Elizabeth Kingdom married Thomas Mudge Jr. the elder son of famous horologist Thomas Mudge.
Brunel wedded Mary Elizabeth Horsley on 5 July 1836. They had three children two sons and one daughter: Isambard Brunel Junior, Henry Marc Brunel, and Florence Mary Brunel. His younger son Henry Marc also became a successful civil engineer like him.
In 1808, his whole family shifted to London for his father’s work. Even though his family had financial problems, he spent his childhood happily. His father taught him techniques and drawing from his four years old age, and he learned Euclidean geometry at his eight years old age. During that time he also learned classics from Dr Morrell’s boarding school Din Hove. As per sources, at first, he enrolled at the University of Caen, then Lycée Henri-IV in Paris. He specifically apprenticed under famous horologist, and clockmaker Abraham-Louis Breguet in Paris. Brunel returns to London and starts work in his father’s drawing office in 1822.
His father was sent to debtor’s prison for having debts over 5,000 euro. When he got an offer from the “Tsar of Russia” to release after three months. In August 1921, the British government cleared his debt in exchange to remain in Britain because they didn’t want to lose a prominent engineer like him. So, Isambard Kingdom Brunel also had to be in Britain for his father being here.
Brunel’s amazing innovation
As per we know, Isambard Kingdom Brunel 2 coin was issued for giving him honor because he brought revolutionary change to British transportation and engineering services during the nineteenth century. Let’s describe some of his innovations of Isambard Kingdom Brunel 2 Pound Coin.
He worked as an assistant engineer to build a tunnels Thames River in London between Rotherhithe and Wapping. On the project, his father was the chief engineer, and his father also funded the Thames Tunnel Company, but it remained uncompleted for several reasons. In 1865, the tunnel was purchased by East London Railway Company purchased from £200,000, and the first train passed in 1869.
Clifton Suspension Bridge in Bristol is one of the best designs which started in 1831. Some significant changes had done even though it was based on his designs. During its construction time, it had the longest span with 702 feet spinning over and 249 normally above the River Avon. The project was suspended due to the Queen Square riots. Working on the project resumed in 1862 and completed three years after he died in 1864.
Great Western Railway
In 1833, Brunel was established as the principal engineer of the Great Western Railway assignment from London to Bristol and later Exeter. His vision for passengers was to purchase one ticket at London Paddington for traveling from London to New York. London Paddington Station was built based on Brunel’s design which opened in 1954.
Brunel started a new project on steamships for translation shipping in 1835 during the time of the great western railway construction. He offered his services freely to the Great Western Steamship Company for testing, which appointed and entrusted him to design the first transatlantic ship, the Great Western. The steamship was the largest in the world which sailed in 1937. World’s first iron ship the SS Great Britain completed by Brunel in 1843 and became the first propeller-driven ship to cross the Atlantic Ocean. His third ship Great Eastern was launched in 1858.
During the 1854 Crimean War, British people started to suffer from various diseases. Florence Nightingale asked for help from the government for a solution. Brunel offered hospital building projects in February 1855. His design success was named “Renkioi Hospital” which was nearby the old Turkish barracks “Scutari Hospital”. It took six days to complete hygiene, sanitation, ventilation, drainage, and rudimentary temperature controls for large numbers of patients.
Isambard Kingdom Brunel 2 Pound Coin Description
The Royal Mint of England issued two £2 coins for the bicentennial celebration of Isambard Kingdom Brunel and his achievements”. Normally, these types of two coins; one coin depicts the man of honor, the other his working achievements. The tails of the Brunel 2 coin known as ‘the man’, feature a Brunel portrait sculpted by Rod Kelly. His birth and death years 1806-1859 were scripted on the edge. The reverse of the coin represented Brunel’s achievements, the Paddington Station roof which was designed by Robert Evans. ‘So numerous irons in the fire” was a correction from his diary which was the border description of the achievements coin. Ian Rank-Broadley designed the obverse of two coins which depicts the Queen Majesty’s portrait. There are also some points on Isambard Kingdom Brunel 2 coins; Both coins are bimetallic and shaped with cupronickel inner disc and nickel-brass outer ring. The coins weigh is 12 grams and 28.4 millimeters in diameter. The price may be between £2.69 to £2.90. Isambard Kingdom Brunel’s 2-pound coins were minted in Total of 15,380,500 coins, the “man” design coins were 7,452,250 of the “achievements” design was 7,928,250 in number. Isambard Kingdom Brunel’s 2-pound coins weren’t rare but popular for being in good condition and worth. finally, we got the realization of Isambard Kingdom Brunel 2 Pound Coin.
Isambard Kingdom Brunel Death
Islamabad Kingdom Brunel was a heavy smoker who had been diagnosed with nephritis disease. On 5 September 1859, he suffered from a stroke, just before the Great Eastern made its first transport to New York. He died ten days after the incident when his age was 53 years old. He was buried beside his family members in Kensal Green Cemetery, London. Many people mourned his passing away because he was one of the British nation’s great personalities.
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