Jawaharlal Nehru short biography
Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister, played a historical role in the country’s struggle for independence. Born in 1889, he studied in England, became a lawyer, and married Kamala Kaul, actively participating in the freedom movement. Nehru’s leadership led to India’s declaration of independence in 1929, and he served as Prime Minister from 1947 until his death in 1964. He was a secularist, advocating for religious freedom, and a proponent of democracy and non-alignment. His “Tryst with Destiny” speech on Independence Day 1947 remains an iconic moment in Indian history.
Jawaharlal Nehru early life
Jawaharlal Nehru was a leader in India’s fight for freedom from British rule. He was born in Allahabad, India, in 1889. He went to school in England and studied law at Cambridge University. After returning to India in 1912, he became a lawyer and married Kamala Kaul. They had one daughter, Indira Gandhi. Nehru was a close follower of Mahatma Gandhi. He believed in Gandhi’s nonviolent methods of protest. Nehru was imprisoned many times for his involvement in the freedom movement.
In 1947, India gained independence from Britain. Nehru became India’s first prime minister. He performed as prime minister until his death in 1964. Nehru was a visionary leader. He wanted to build a modern and democratic India. He also wanted to promote peace and understanding between nations. In 1919, after the Amritsar massacre and more and more people calling for India’s independence, Nehru joined the Indian National Congress. He wanted India to be completely free from British rule.
In 1927, Nehru was one of the leaders who pushed for India to be completely free from the British Empire. At first, Gandhi was not sure about this, but he eventually agreed to Nehru’s leadership. After the British refused to give India dominion status, Nehru became the leader of the Congress and issued India’s declaration of independence in December 1929.
In the 1920s and 1930s, Nehru took part in many protests against British rule and was jailed several times. He became one of the most important leaders of the Indian independence movement.
In the 1930s, Nehru worked with Subhas Chandra Bose, but they had different ideas about how to achieve independence. Bose wanted to get help from Germany and Japan to drive the British out of India, but Nehru did not agree. In 1942, Nehru followed Gandhi’s “Quit India” movement, which demanded that the British leave India immediately. Nehru had doubts about this movement because he supported the British in their fight against Nazi Germany, but he also wanted the British to leave India. Nehru was arrested for protesting and was in jail until 1945.
When Nehru was released from jail, he found that the Muslim League, led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, had become much stronger. Although Nehru was opposed to dividing India into two, he was pressured by Lord Mountbatten, the last British Viceroy of India, to agree to partition. On August 15, 1947, India gained independence and Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India. On the night before independence, Nehru gave a speech to the Indian National Congress and the nation, known as the “Tryst with Destiny” speech.
Jawaharlal Nehru wife
Jawaharlal Nehru’s wife, Kamala Nehru, was a prominent figure in the Indian independence movement. She was born in 1899 into a Kashmiri Pandit family in Delhi. She married Nehru in 1916, and they had one daughter, Indira Gandhi, who would later become Prime Minister of India. Kamala Nehru was a strong supporter of her husband’s political career. She also played an active role in the independence movement, participating in civil disobedience campaigns and other forms of protest. She was arrested and jailed on several occasions. Kamala Nehru was a gifted writer and poet. She also wrote extensively about her experiences in the independence movement. Her writings offer a valuable glimpse into the lives of women activists during this period. Kamala Nehru died of tuberculosis in 1936, at the age of 36. Her death was a major blow to Nehru and to the Indian independence movement. She is remembered as a courageous and dedicated freedom fighter.
- She was the first woman to become the president of the Allahabad Ladies Club
Jawaharlal nehru religion
Jawaharlal Nehru was born into a Kashmiri Pandit family.Kashmiri Pandits are a Hindu community from the Kashmir region of India. Nehru’s father, Motilal Nehru, was a prominent lawyer and politician. His mother, Swarup Rani Nehru, was a devout Hindu. Nehru was educated in England, where he was exposed to Western ideas and values. He became a secularist and believed that religion should be kept separate from the state. He also believed that India should be a secular country where all religions could be practiced freely.
Nehru’s views on religion were controversial in his time. Some Hindus accused him of being anti-Hindu. However, Nehru remained committed to his secular ideals. He believed that secularism was essential for India’s unity and progress.
- He was the first prime minister of India to visit a mosque after independence.
Jawaharlal Nehru achievements
Jawaharlal Nehru was the first prime minister of India and served from 1947 to 1964. He was a visionary leader who played a key role in shaping India’s post-independence identity. Nehru’s achievements include Leading India to independence: Nehru was one of the foremost leaders of the Indian independence movement. He was a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi and worked tirelessly to achieve India’s freedom from British rule.
- Establishing democracy in India: Nehru was a staunch believer in democracy and played a key role in establishing India as a democratic republic. He drafted the Constitution of India, which guarantees fundamental rights to all citizens.
- Promoting social justice: Nehru was committed to social justice and worked to uplift the downtrodden sections of society. He introduced a number of social reforms, such as the abolition of untouchability and the Hindu Code Bill.
- Launching India’s economic development: Nehru launched India’s first Five-Year Plan in 1951, which laid the foundation for the country’s economic development. He also established a number of public sector enterprises to promote industrialization.
- Promoting non-alignment: Nehru was a pioneer of the non-alignment movement, which sought to maintain a neutral stance in the Cold War. He played a key role in building bridges between the East and the West.
In addition to these specific achievements, Nehru also had a profound impact on Indian culture and society. He was a great humanist and intellectual, and his writings and speeches continue to inspire people all over the world.
- He was the first prime minister of India to receive the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award.
Jawaharlal nehru technological university kakinada
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Kakinada (JNTUK) is a public university situated in Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, India. It was founded in 1946 as The College of Engineering, Vizagpatnam, and was renamed JNTUK in 2008. JNTUK is one of the greatest technological universities in India. It offers undergraduate and postgraduate programs in engineering, technology, pharmacy, architecture, and management. The university has over 250 affiliated
colleges across Andhra Pradesh. JNTUK is known for its excellent academic standards and its research capabilities. The university has been ranked amazingly among the top 100 universities in India by the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF). JNTUK has also been recognized for its research excellence by the Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India.
JNTUK has produced many notable alumni, including industrialists, scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs. Some of the most famous alumni of JNTUK include:
- Satya Nadella, CEO of Microsoft
- Sundar Pichai, CEO of Alphabet Inc.
- Rajeev Suri, CEO of Nokia
- Ajay Bhatt, Executive Vice President of Intel
- B. N. Srikrishna, Chairman of Infosys
JNTUK is a premier technological university that plays a vital role in promoting engineering education and research in India. The university is committed to providing its students with a world-class education and preparing them for successful careers in the global economy.
- It is the first university in India to offer a B.Tech program in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
Jawaharlal Nehru would be considered
Jawaharlal Nehru would be considered one of the most important and influential figures in Indian history. He was the first Prime Minister of India and served from 1947 to 1964. Nehru was a visionary leader who played a key role in shaping India’s post-independence identity.
Nehru was a staunch believer in democracy and secularism. He was also a pioneer of the non-alignment movement, which sought to maintain a neutral stance in the Cold War. Nehru’s achievements include:
- Leading India to independence
- Establishing democracy in India
- Promoting social justice
- Launching India’s economic development
- Promoting non-alignment
Nehru was a towering figure in Indian politics and society. He was a great humanist and intellectual, and his writings and speeches continue to inspire people all over the world.
- He is often referred to as the “Architect of Modern India” for his role in shaping India’s post-independence identity and institutions.
Jawaharlal nehru stadium
The Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Delhi, India, is one of the largest and most iconic stadiums in the country. It was built in 1982 to host the Asian Games and has since hosted a variety of major sporting events, including the Commonwealth Games, Cricket World Cups, and FIFA U-17 World Cup.
The stadium has a seating capacity of over 60,000 spectators and is known for its impressive architecture and facilities. It has a natural grass football pitch, a 400-meter synthetic athletics track, and a state-of-the-art floodlighting system. The stadium also has a number of other amenities, such as a swimming pool, indoor sports facilities, and a gymnasium.
The Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium is home to a number of Indian sporting teams, including the Indian national football team and the Delhi Capitals cricket team. It is also a famous platform for concerts and other cultural events.
- It is the first stadium in India to be awarded the FIFA Green Star certification, which recognizes stadiums that meet high standards of environmental sustainability.
The discovery of India by Jawaharlal Nehru
- It is a comprehensive history of India, from its ancient origins to the modern era. Nehru covers a wide range of topics, including Indian culture, religion, philosophy, politics, and economics.
- It is written in a clear and attractive style. Nehru was a gifted writer, and his book is easy to read and understand, even for those who are not familiar with Indian history.
- It is a personal reflection on India’s past and present. Nehru shares his own insights and perspectives on Indian culture and society, and he offers a unique vision for India’s future.
- It is a celebration of India’s diversity and unity. Nehru emphasizes the rich diversity of Indian culture and society, while also highlighting the underlying unity that binds Indians together.
- It is a call for social fairness and equality. Nehru was a strong advocate for social justice and equality, and his book is a powerful indictment of the caste system and other forms of social inequality.
- It is an appeal for peace and agreement between nations. Nehru believed that India should play a leading role in promoting peace and understanding between nations. He was a pioneer of the non-alignment movement, and his book is a passionate defense of non-violence as a means of resolving international conflict.
- It is a classic of Indian literature. The Discovery of India is one of the most influential books ever written about India. It is a must-read for anyone who wants to understand Indian history, culture, and society.
In addition to these 7 important points, it is also worth noting that The Discovery of India was written while Nehru was imprisoned by the British colonial government. It is a testament to Nehru’s commitment to freedom and democracy that he was able to write such a comprehensive and insightful book in such difficult circumstances.
Jawaharlal Nehru Speech Independence Day
Jawaharlal Nehru’s speech on Independence Day, August 15, 1947, is one of the most iconic speeches in Indian history. It is known as the “Tryst with Destiny” speech, and it is a powerful and moving expression of Nehru’s vision for India’s future.
In the speech, Nehru reflects on the long and difficult struggle for Indian independence, and he celebrates the nation’s newfound freedom. He also outlines his vision for India as a democratic, secular, and socialist country.
Nehru begins his speech by acknowledging the sacrifices of those who fought for Indian independence. He says, “Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge.” He then goes on to describe the challenges that India faces as a new nation. He says, “We are citizens of a free India, and it is our first task to build this country into a strong, united, and prosperous nation.”
Nehru also emphasizes the importance of democracy and secularism in India. He says, “Democracy is the only way of life which is consistent with the dignity of man. It is the only way of life in which there is opportunity for everyone to develop his personality and to live the best of which he is capable.” He also says, “India is not a theocratic state. It is a secular state. We have people of all religions living in this country. We have Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, and Parsees. They all have equal rights and opportunities.”
Nehru concludes his speech by calling on the Indian people to work together to build a better future for their country. He says, “We have to build a new India, a free India, a great India. We have to build an India where everyone has equal rights and opportunities. We have to build an India which is prosperous and strong. We have to build an India which is at peace with the world.”
Nehru’s “Tryst with Destiny” speech is a timeless classic. It is a powerful and moving expression of Nehru’s vision for India as a democratic, secular, and socialist country. It is also a reminder of the challenges that India faces as a nation and the importance of working together to build a better future for all.
Jawaharlal nehru death
Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, died on May 27, 1964, at the age of 74. He died of a heart attack at his residence, Teen Murti House in New Delhi. Nehru’s death was a major blow to India. He was a beloved leader who had played a key role in shaping India’s post-independence identity. His death was mourned by millions of people all over the world. Nehru’s funeral was held on May 28, 1964. It was a state funeral attended by leaders from all over the world. Nehru’s body was cremated and his ashes were scattered over the Yamuna River.
Nehru’s death was a major loss to India and to the world. He was a visionary leader who had dedicated his life to the cause of freedom and justice. He is recognized as one of the greatest leaders of the 20th century.
- He was the first Indian Prime Minister to die in office
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