Queen Elizabeth I was buried in a tomb in Westminster Abbey on 28 April 1603 in the vault of her grandfather King Henry VII Chapel. In 1606, King James I transferred her coffin and placed a new monument on top of the coffin of her half-sister Mary I, Queen of Scotland. Her graveyard is one of the great historical significance in London for its magnificence and white marble effigy. Elizabeth I refused for post-mortem conducting permission which left her death forever in mystery with few theories. She was the princess of England and Ireland. The funeral of Queen Elizabeth I marked the end of her 45 years of powerful and influential legacy in British and Irish history.
who was queen elizabeth i
Elizabeth Tudor was born on 7 September 1533 at the Palace of Placentia in London. She was the second child of Henry VIII and his second wife Anne Boleyn who was named after her grandmothers, Lady Elizabeth Howard and Elizabeth of York. When her age was 2 years and 8 months, her mother was executed on 19 May 1536 for adultery accusation. King Henry VIII married Jane Seymour just one day after her mother’s death. Jane Seymour gave birth to her son Edward VI on 12 October 1537, but she died a few days after his birth on 24 October 1537. Elizabeth I became queen at the age of 25 on 17 November 1558 after the death of her half-brother Edward VI and half-sister Mary I. James VI was declared king of England when Queen Elizabeth I was buried after her death.
Elizabeth I education
Elizabeth never went to school for education, so she was home-schooled. Margaret Bryan was her first governess whose services transferred after her half-brother’s birth, and then Blanche Milborne became her second governess. Catherine Champernowne was appointed as her governess in 1537, who accustomed her to respect and politeness towards elders and younger. Elizabeth learned mathematics, astronomy, history, and geography subjects including French, Dutch, Italian, and Spanish language. In Katherine’s proper guide, she became experienced in needlework, embroidery, dancing, and riding. In 1544, a talented and skillful William Grindal became her tutor, under whom she started to write in English, Latin, and Italian languages, she even progressed in French and Greek. After Grindal’s death, Edward’s sympatric teacher Roger Ascham educated her. Elizabeth completed her formal education in 1550, and she became one of the best-educated women of the generation.
Edward V and Mary I reign
Elizabeth’s nine-year-old half-brother Edward VI became the king after her father Henry VII died in 11547. Her guardian Catherine Parr married Thomas who schemed against his older brother Edward Seymour. After the death of his wife Catherine, he planned to marry Elizabeth I to rule over the Kingdom. In 1549, he was arrested and imprisoned for conspiracy against his older brother and planning to become the king. Edward VI died of unknown illnesses claimed to be tuberculosis in 1553. Before his death, he accepted his cousin Jane Gray as heir and excluded his both half-sisters Mary and Elizabeth. Mary, I married Philip the Prudent to gain the power of Queen. She executed Jane and her husband Lord Guildford Dudley on 12 February 1554, when she found Henry Gray’s involvement in her marriage. In 1558, Elizabeth I became the queen after her half-sister Mary I’s death.
What religion was Queen Elizabeth I
Religion played a significant role in the reign of Queen Elizabeth from 1558 till her death. She wanted to build peaceful nations and settle religion to make strong government and free from foreign influences. A moderate form of Protestantism was declared the official religion of England even though Catholic religion and practices were also allowed. Elizabeth established the Church of England which allowed her to exert control over religious matters, affairs, and influences of the country. The religious politics of the queen brought controversy, opposition, accusation, and threat at the initial stage but helped to end the religious turmoil of decades. Queen Elizabeth I was buried following Protestant rituals after she died in 1603.
Marriage controversy of Queen Elizabeth I
Queen Elizabeth was a cunning, smart, and intelligent lady for whom marriage meant giving up her power, position, throne, and country to a man. Many suitors knocked on her door, even her advisors brought this subject to her. The queen kept her suitors interested in her for their power but never finalized marriage. As a child, she witnessed the troublesome married life of her parents, relatives, and negativity like the dying for childbirth of her two stepmothers.
Elizabeth was in love with her childhood friend Robert Dudley whose wife Amy Robsert died from falling off the stairs. Many people suspected him as the wife’s killer for marrying the queen. Queen became jealous of his affection towards his wife so she rejected him. her sister Mary’s widower King Philip also proposed to her, but she turned him down. She was nicknamed as the Virgin Queen, Good Queen Bees, and Gloria Queen.
Elizabeth I war on terror
The Spanish Armada was an enormous 130-ship naval fleet that Prince Philip II sent to attack England. He planned the flotilla to restore the Roman Catholic faith by removing Protestant Qu Elizabeth Tudor from the English throne. The two royals faced several political and religious differences between 1560 to 1570. In the battle, England launched fire ships and heavy guns to win over the Spanish ships. Many ships faced storms during the return time after defeat, and almost 15000 Spanish battlers lost their lives. Sir Francis Drake played the principal role in saving England from Spain. Angelo-Spanish War became one of the most successful chapters and national pride in England. People remembered the fightback decision even after Queen Elizabeth I was buried.
What is one way Queen Elizabeth I encouraged trade and commerce in England?
Trade was an important point in economic growth and expansion during the Queen Elizabeth I era where specific points were trade relations and coastal power.
Queen Elizabeth I recognized the immense potential of trade and actively encouraged its growth through several policies and initiatives. She aimed to bolster England’s economic prosperity and secure its political influence through strategic trade alliances and the expansion of overseas markets. England discovered new territories and trade routes overseas including Jamestown and East India Company. European County like the Netherlands and Turkey were involved with trading goods such as metals, spices, clothes, and luxury items with England. Advanced ships and naval power increased the safer and more efficient trading network at the border and distant markets. Queen Elizabeth I policies made England one of the most powerful global and economic nations including intra-European trade.
Elizabeth I legacy
Queen Elizabeth I was the only Queen who became famous for being unmarried and a virgin. Her 45-year reign ended with her death from 1558 to 1603, which started a new era in England. Elizabeth Tudor had no children so her half-sister Mary’s son, king of Scotland, James VI sat on the English throne as a legacy. He was known as James I to English people when he shifted to England with his family making England-Scotland political relationships strong and friendly. Queen Elizabeth I was buried with her closest relatives as a legacy of her family because they were also buried at the same graveyard.
What was the cause of death of Queen Elizabeth I
Queen Elizabeth I death has become a mysterious issue some claim her death was because of poison named” the spirits of Saturn” which was discovered 31 years after her death. Other people claim her death from an unknown disease during the time like tonsils, pneumonia, or cancer. She lost her hair, and a few teeth in the late years of her life. At the age of 29, she suffered from smallpox leaving several permanent scars on her face and body, so she used “Venetian Ceruse” paint makeup on her body to cover her scars before the public. Therefore, a full inch of makeup was found on her body by the royal people at the time of her death.
Queen Elizabeth passed away in Richmond Palace on 24 March 1603 at the age of 69. Her body was conserved for three weeks at the Palace of Whitehall before the royal and lavish funeral Ceremony. Many poor, rich people mourned over the great queen’s funeral where her coffin was covered with purple velvet, her whole body dressed with parliament rope with a crown on her head.
Her body was deposited in the vaults of her grandparents on 28 April 1603. Later, in 1607 Queen Elizabeth I was buried again with her Catholic half-sister Mary I even though Elizabeth was a Protestant.
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